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What is Dyslexia?

Dyslexia is the most common learning disability. It is often referred to as a language-based learning disability or a specific learning disorder (SLD). It alters the way the brain processes written material and results in difficulty with the alphabet, reading, writing and spelling. This is in spite of normal or above-normal intelligence, conventional teaching methods, and adequate sociocultural opportunity. 

Dyslexia is a neurological and often genetic condition, affecting both boys and girls at an equal rate.



A reading specialist will use a range of techniques to improve your child's reading skills and focus on helping your child:

  • Learn to recognize the smallest sounds that make up words (phonemes)

  • Understand that letters and strings of letters represent these sounds

  • Comprehend what he or she is reading

  • Read aloud

  • Build a vocabulary

These techniques should involve tapping into the child's senses, including touch, vision, and hearing. If your child has a severe reading disability, tutoring may need to occur more frequently, and progress may be slower.

child spelling

Shelley MacMillan Education
Orton-Gillingham Structured Literacy Interventionist
Edmonton, Alberta

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